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英语简单句,2016考研英语

时间:2019-04-17 02:56来源:6165金沙总站
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  并列句和着力复合句

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  并列句基本概念:

英语轻巧句、并列句、复合句解析

  语法知识点一

  并列复合句是由七个或八个以上并列而又单独的简约句构成。多少个简易句常由并列连接词连在一齐;但偶尔并非连接词,只在三个简单句之间用壹逗号或办事处。

2013-04-07 18:02阅读:7,627

  1.as...as.。。指点的可比级:(壹)“as 形容词或副词原级 as 被相比对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you. 他像您同样学习努力。

  二、常见的并列句:

塞尔维亚共和国(Republic of Serbia)语轻便句、并列句、复合句解析

  (二)在否定句或难点句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

  (一) 用来再三再四七个并列概念的连天词有and , not only…but also…, neither…nor…等,and所连接的内外分句往往意味着先后关系、递进关系。前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么首个分句用现在时。

轻松句、并列句和复合句

  二.only引导的倒装句型:only 状语 (或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

  (贰) 表示在两者之间接选举拔几个, 常用的连接词有or,otherwise,or else,either…or…等,前后分句的时态往往保持1致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第二个分句用以往时。

考点一 简单句

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life.  唯有精卫填海、正直,一位在生活中本事成功。 

  (三) 评释七个概念相互有冲突、相反只怕转载, 常用的连续词有but,yet,still ,however等,前后分句时态1致。

  1. 粗略句只含有三个主谓结构.

  2. 三种简易句:

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to work out the problem.  唯有这位女孩子知道怎么样解那道题。

  (四) 表明原因, 用连接词for ,前后分句时态壹致。

1) 主 谓. He comes at last.

  3.wish教导的虚拟语气:wish 前边的从句,今世表与实际相反的境况,或代表未来不太只怕完成的意愿时,其宾语从句的动词形式为: 

  (5) 表示结果,用延续词so, 前后分句时态1致。

2) 主 系 表. She is a teacher.

  ⑴表示对今天气象的虚拟:从句动词用过去式或过去实行式表示,be 的谢世式用were.   

  主从复合句

The soup tastes nice.

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.    小编梦想知道那么些题指标答案。(可惜不知道。) 

  1、概念:

3) 主 谓 宾. They reached the village.

  ⑵代表对过去景观的杜撰:从句动词用had 过去分词。 

  主从复合句由三个主句和2个或一个之上的从句构成。主句为句子的重点,从句只用作句子的二个扶助成分,不能够独立成为1个句子。从句平时由关联词指点,并由关联词将从句和主句联系在1块。如:While the grandparents love the children, they are strict with them.(外公曾祖母们很爱孩子,同时对她们也严酷需要。) / It seemed as if the meeting would never end.(看起来会议没完没了。) / Hurry up, or (else) you'll be late.(快点, 要不然就来不如了。) / However I cook eggs, the child still refuses to eat them.(不管小编用怎么样方法煮鸭蛋,小孩依旧不肯吃。)

4) 主 谓 间宾 直宾.He gave me a pen.

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time.  我后悔不应该浪费这么多时间。( 实际上已经浪费掉了。) 

  2、分类:

5) 主 谓 宾 宾补.I find that book very useful.

  ⑶代表对西晋的无理愿望:谓语动词情势为“would/ should/ could/ might 动词原形”。在那种景况下,主句的主语与从句的主语不能够一如既往,因为主句的主语所愿意的从句动作能或不能落到实处,取决于从句主语的千姿百态或希望(非动作名词除此而外) 。 

  从句按其在复合句中的功效,分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、定语从句和状语从句等。(参见以下各个)

考点二 并列句

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能终止。 

  ③、各从句在句子中的地点以及用法:

并列句:多个或八个以上的简易句,用连词连接起来。

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用 would,能够象征请求,平常意味着说话人的悲伤或遗憾。

  (①) 表语从句:在句子中作连系动词的表语的从句,它座落主句中的系动词之后。

常用的连接词有:

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  我期望你安然一些。 

  例如:That is why he did not come to school yesterday. / It is because you are so clever.

  1. 意味着顺承关系的:and, not only…but also(不仅….而且….)等。

  4.it方式宾语:和it 作格局主语一样,  大家常用it 来作方式宾语, 把真的的宾语从句放在句末, 那种景况愈加出现在带复合宾语的句子中。

  (②) 宾语从句:在句子中作及物动词或介词的宾语。

She ______ gave us a lot of advice, _______helped us to overcome difficulties.

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in. 他评释她不会投降。 

  1基本形式:(主句+)连词 从句主语 从句谓语 ...

Linda tried to become an excellentteacher, _____ at last she succeeded.

  5.The 比较级,the 比较级  表示“越....。。越....。。”。

  2 关于宾语从句连词的精选:

  1. 表示选取事关和否定条件的有or(照旧,否则)

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will become。大家越害怕劳顿,困难就会变得越庞大。

  若从句出自三个陈述句,那么,连词用that,在口语中that能够轻松;

Do you want to leave now ____ would yourather set off later?

  语法知识点2

  若从句出自3个貌似疑问句,连词则用if 或whether;

Wear your coat, ____ you’ll catch a cold.

  1. 宾语从句:1般难题句做宾语,引进if或whether

  若从句出自三个十分疑问句,则连词就是疑问词(如what,who,where,when等)

  1. 代表转会关系的有but, yet等。

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

  例如:They believe that the computer will finally take the place of human beings.(他们相信Computer终将代替人类。) (从句本来就是陈述句)/ I wonder whether I should say something for him to the headmaster. (作者不晓得是还是不是该为他在校长眼前说点什么。) (从句出自1般问句Shall Isay something for him to the headmaster?) / He asked me where he could get such medicine. (他问作者在哪儿能搞到那么的药。) (从句出自特殊问句Where can he get such medicine? )

He is young, but he works hard.尽管他年轻,但做事着力。

  二. 缘故状语从句:since辅导的

  三宾语从句的时态难题:即使主句是今后时,从句则用今后某一时半刻态,甚至足以用过去时;

  1. 表示因果关系的有for, so 等。

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

  如主句是病故时,从句则对应地动用过去某暂时态,遭遇客观真理时依旧用现在时。如:I think I will do better in English this term. (小编想本学期作者的塞尔维亚共和国语会学得好点。) / The teacher asked the boy if the earth is round. (老师问这么些男孩地球是否圆的。)

My leg hurts so I go to see a doctor. 小编的腿疼,由此笔者去看医务卫生人士。

  三. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely...when。.

  4 下列结构前边的从句1般也当作宾语从句看待:

考试场点叁 主从复合句:宾语从句

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

  be sorry / afraid / sure / glad that从句,如:I’m sorry I’m late. (对不起,小编迟到了。) / I’m afraid he isn’t in at the moment. (或许他此时不在家。)

  1. 宾语从句的指点词

  肆. If虚拟条件句

  (三) 状语从句:在复合句中作状语,其岗位能够在主句前或主句后。状语从句能够分成时间、地方、原因、目标、结果、相比、退让、条件等三种。状语从句由从属连接词引导。

(1)引导 陈述句用 that(在口语和业余文娱体育中常常省略)

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could 动原
跟过去事实相反 had done would/should/might/could have done
跟将来事实相反 should 动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could 动原

  时间状语从句普通由when ,as ,while, after, before, since, as soon as ,since, till (until), while, whenever 等教导。时间状语从句壹般位于句首或句尾,尤其注意,时间状语从句不相同意接纳未来时,而相应用以后时替代。如: When you finish the work, you may go out to play with Sam. (你完了工作就足以出去和吉米一齐玩了。) / I won’t leave until Mum comes back. (妈妈回来了自作者才会走。)

He tells me (that ) he is going shopping thisSunday.

  5. 宾语从句:放在介词前面,作介词的宾语。

  地方状语从句普通由 where, wherever等带领。如:Go back where you came from! (何地来还滚到哪儿去!) / I will never forget to catch the thief who stole my necklace wherever he may be. (作者长久也不会遗忘去抓住这些偷我项链的贼,无论她会在哪个地方。)

(贰) 指导一般问题句用if或whether.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in Shanghai。

  原因状语从句常常由because, since, as等指导,1般位于句首或句尾。如:He went abroad because his father had found a good university for him. (他出国了,因为他父亲给她找了一所好高校。)

She asked me if whether she could join us.(whether…or not)

  陆.状语从句轻巧(分词作者状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语1致,状从轻松选用分词作者状语。例句:

  目标状语从句常常由so that..., so...hat..., in order that... 等指点,往往放在句尾,从句中常见含有can / could / may / might等千姿百态动词。如:He got up earlier so that he could catch the first train. (他出发更早为的是赶过第3班车。)

(三) 辅导特殊疑问句,要用原来的出格疑问词。

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

  结果状语从句日常由 so that..., so...that... 等引导,放在句尾。结果状语从句1般代表曾经发生的事体,故多为过去时态。如:He lost so many bikes that he decided never to buy a new one. (他丢了那么多辆车子,他决定再也不买

She asked them what they were doing.

  语法知识点叁

新车了。)

  1. 宾语从句的语序 :要用陈述句语序。

  一.并列句:由and, or , but连接的四个句子成为并列句。

  相比状语从句平常由as, than, as (so)...as等指引,一般大概从句的谓语部分,只剩余人词或代词(用主格或宾格均可)。如:Jane is much taller than I/me. (Jane比本身高多了。) / I don’t have as many books as you (do). (小编书没有您多)

I want to know when the train left.

  2.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 sb 表示“前者情形适用于后人”。例句:

  迁就状语从句平常由though (although), as, even if( even though), however, whatever等指导。如:Even if you pay the debt(债务) for me, I will not thank you because it has nothing to do with me. (即使你替笔者还了债笔者也不会多谢你,因为它与自作者毫毫不相关系。) / He wears a T-shirt though it is very cold. (他穿了1件半袖衫,尽管天极冰冷。)

  1. 宾语从句的时态

  You are a student, so am I。

  条件状语从句经常由if, unless, as longas等辅导,条件状语从句一般位于句首或句尾,尤其注意,时间状语从句不容许采纳以后时,而相应用前几日时取代。You will certainly fail in the coming final exams unless you work much harder. (就要到来的期末考试你料定考比不上格,除非你更用心。) / If it doesn’ t rain tomorrow, we shall go hiking. (即使明天不降水大家将在去徒步旅行。)

(壹)主句是形似未来时,一般以后时或祈使句,宾语从句可遵照实际要求选用各样时态。

  三.定语从句 who指点的限定性定从。例句:

  [注意] 1、because与so;(al)though与but;if与so不能同在三个句子中成对出现。

He tells us that he has been able to lookafter himself.

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English ?你还记得教我们阿拉伯语的不行女孩啊?

  2、时间、条件、原因,退让状语从句放在句首时须求用逗号与主句隔断。

(2) 主句是过去时态,宾语从句应选择过去时的呼应时态。

  伍.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

  (4) 定语从句:在复合句中作定语用修饰句子中某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。

They said that they had already finished thework.

  四.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to rain tomorrow。

  ① 定语从句的职分:放在名词或代词的前面。如:The man who has an umbrella in his hand is my uncle. (手上抓了1把雨伞的人是自家的父辈。)

(叁) 要是宾语从句叙述的是客观事实、真理、自然现象等,不管主句用什么样时态,从句都用一般未来时。

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will continue to be rejected。

  二语法术语的更动:被修饰的名词或代词称为先行词;指导定语从句的连接词称为关系词,个中that、which、who称为涉嫌代词,where、when、how称为关系副词。

He said that light travels faster than sound.

  陆.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 表示 “既然”。与 since 的不一样之处在于,now that 引出的总得是三个新面世的真实情状或状态,借使依旧照旧,和千古相比较并从未变动,则毫不 now that 指引。

  叁 关系代词或提到副词的机能:

  1. 练习

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the new task at once。既然我们把具有材质都准备好了,大家应该立时开端那项新的行事。

  关系代词who、whom 和whose指人,分别在从句中作主语、宾语和定语。which指物that多指物, 有时也指人,它们在从句中能够作主语或宾语。定语从句中涉及代词作者从句宾语时方可简单。This is the thief (that/who/whom) we have been looking for these days. (那么些正是大家近日间接在找的小偷。) / Please find a room which is big enough for all of us to live in. (请找一间丰富大能住下大家整整的房间。)

一)Sheasked me, “威尔 you go to the cinema tomorrow?” (改为含宾语从句的复合句)

  七. 原因状从:for的用法。由because 指点的从句如若身处句末,且前边有逗号,则能够用并列连词 for 来代替。但万1不是验证直接原因,而是八种气象再说推测,就不得不用 for 。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill. 他明天没来,因为他生病了。

  关系副词when或where引导定语从句时,它们在从句中分别作时间状语和地点状语。如:This is the room where they had a quarrel a week ago. (那是贰个礼拜前他们吵架的屋子。) / I can never forget the day when I first saw you. (小编长久不会忘记第3次看到您的生活。)

She asked me______ I ______ go to the cinema the next day.

  八. 缘由状从:as 的用法。例句:The Singapore passengers begin to decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

  4限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从句在句中无法差不多,不然主句意思就不完整。非限制性定语从句和主句之间往往用逗号分开,那种从句是壹种附加表明,要是从句子中节省,也不致于影响主句的情趣。如:She spent the whole evening talking about her latest book, which none of us had heard of. (她二个夜晚都在座谈她近来的书,大家壹位都未曾耳闻过那本书。)

2) Howlovely the dog is! Can you tell me _____?

  9. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will be our next president。

  [注解]

A. where did you get it B.where will you get it C. where you got it

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

  一、关系代词只好用that的情状:

3) --- Can you tell me _____ your parents at home?

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes competition. 合资化的独到之处在于能有助于相互竞争。

  超过行词是指事物的动乱代词(all, anything等),或先期词部分含有最高端,或带有序数词时,无法用其余的关系代词,只可以用that. 如:All that Lily told me seems untrue. (Lily告诉自身的话如同不忠实。) / Can you give me anything that has no sugar inside? (能否给本身点里面未有糖的东西?) / This is the first two-story bus that runs in our city. (这是第三辆运行于笔者市的双层公共交通车。)

--- I often wash clothes and sweepthe floor.

  10. 不定式:不定式做指标状语。例句:We get up very early to catch the first bus。

  2、关系代词在从句中作主语时一般用who(指人)、that(指物),而不用that指人或用which指物。

A. how will you help B. how you help C. how will you help D. how do you help

  小说来源:跨考教育[微博]

  如:Do you know the woman who is weeping in the corner? (你认识那一个在角落里哭泣的青娥呢?) / Do not tell me any words that have nothing to do with me. (跟作者毫无干系的话,请二个字也决不说。)

4) When I was young, my grandfather told me that the sun ______ (rise) inthe east.

  三、关系代词作者从句的宾语时,常用which或whom,较少使用that或who,而且,关系代词平日省略。

考试场点四 状语从句

  如:汤姆’s father was the first parent whom our teacher talked to. (汤姆的老爸是我们教育工小编先是个出口的人。)

1、状语从句在复合句中作状语,修饰主句中的动词、形容词、副词等。

  四、当提到代词紧跟在介词前边时,必须用which或whom,而当介词移到句尾时,则又足以使用that或who.

一.地方状语从句

  如:This is the room in which Miss Li once lived. (= This is the room Miss Li once lived in.) (那是李小姐曾经居住过的房间。)

地方状语从句普通由 where 带领。

  (5) 主语从句:在句子中充当句子主语的从句叫主语从句。位于谓语动词在此以前。日常由that,whether以及难点连词教导。一般景观下,常用it替代主语从句,而将主语从句移到句尾。如:When we should start is still a question. (大家该在怎样时候伊始还是个难点啊。)

Put allthe things _____they were.

  直接引语和直接引语

A. whereB. when C. whose D. which

  1、间接引语和间接引语:在陈述句中,直接引用说话人原先的说话,称为间接引语。在挥洒时,直接引语用引号。用自身的词语来转述表明原来讲话人说的剧情,称为直接引语。

2.光阴状语从句(主句用以后时,从句用1般以后时)

  2、间接引语改换为直接引语:

时间状语从句的指点词有when, before, after, until, assoon as, since, while, as 等

  1、直接引语即使是陈述句,变为直接引语时应留神以下各点:

She wascooking when someone knock at the door.

  壹不用引号,而用再三再四词that,但有时候可总结。

What willyou do after you finished your homework?

  贰人叫作相应改动;

3.尺码状语从句

  3主句里的动词假如是过去时,直接引语中的时态一般应作相应改动: 1般今后时变1般过去时;1般今后时变过去以往时;以后实行时变过去进行时;今后做到时成为过去做到时;一般过去时形成过去完毕时;但一般过去时如与三个切实可行的千古时间连用,则时态不改变。

在标准化状语从句中,常用的指引词有if, unless等。

  如:He says,"I am not from the USA.”→He says that he is not from the USA.

If itdosen’t rain, I” ll go fishing.

  Mr Smith said to his girl friend,“ I haven’ t seen you for a long time.”

They willhave a picnic unless it rains next Sunday.

编辑:6165金沙总站 本文来源:英语简单句,2016考研英语

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